next Q-MAC meetings in 2018:

3rd Q-MAC symposium in Venice, May 22-25, 2018.

Next regular meeting in Paris,       November 27-28, 2018.

Read more

Roman Mankowsky is awarded the Reimar Lüst Grant

of the Max Planck Society for his PhD studies

Read more

Publication Detail / Abstract

D. Nicoletti, E. Casandruc, D. Fu, P. Giraldo-Gallo, I. R. Fisher, A. Cavalleri

Anomalous relaxation kinetics and charge-density-wave correlations in underdoped BaPb1−xBixO3

published in PNAS on August 22, 2017
> Full text via publisher
Superconductivity often emerges in proximity of other symmetry-breaking ground states, such as antiferromagnetism or charge-density-wave (CDW) order. However, the subtle interrelation of these phases remains poorly understood, and in some cases even the existence of short-range correlations for superconducting compositions is uncertain. In such circumstances, ultrafast experiments can provide new insights by tracking the relaxation kinetics following excitation at frequencies related to the broken-symmetry state. Here, we investigate the transient terahertz conductivity of BaPb1−xBixO3––a material for which superconductivity is “adjacent” to a competing CDW phase––after optical excitation tuned to the CDW absorption band. In insulating BaBiO3 we observed an increase in conductivity and a subsequent relaxation, which are consistent with quasiparticles injection across a rigid semiconducting gap. In the doped compound BaPb0.72Bi0.28O3 (superconducting below TC = 7 K), a similar response was also found immediately above TC. This observation evidences the presence of a robust gap up to T ≃ 40 K, which is presumably associated with short-range CDW correlations. A qualitatively different behavior was observed in the same material for T ≳ 40 K. Here, the photoconductivity was dominated by an enhancement in carrier mobility at constant density, suggestive of melting of the CDW correlations rather than excitation across an optical gap. The relaxation displayed a temperature-dependent, Arrhenius-like kinetics, suggestive of the crossing of a free-energy barrier between two phases. These results support the existence of short-range CDW correlations above TC in underdoped BaPb1−xBixO3, and provide information on the dynamical interplay between superconductivity and charge order.
< Back