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Publication Detail / Abstract

B. Buča, C. Booker, M. Medenjak, D. Jaksch

Bethe ansatz approach for dissipation: exact solutions of quantum many-body dynamics under loss

published on New journal of Physics on December 23, 2020
> Full text via publisher
We develop a Bethe ansatz based approach to study dissipative systems experiencing loss. The method allows us to exactly calculate the spectra of interacting, many-body Liouvillians. We discuss how the dissipative Bethe ansatz opens the possibility of analytically calculating the dynamics of a wide range of experimentally relevant models including cold atoms subjected to one and two body losses, coupled cavity arrays with bosons escaping the cavity, and cavity quantum electrodynamics. As an example of our approach we study the relaxation properties in a boundary driven XXZ spin chain. We exactly calculate the Liouvillian gap and find different relaxation rates with a novel type of dynamical dissipative phase transition. This physically translates into the formation of a stable domain wall in the easy-axis regime despite the presence of loss. Such analytic results have previously been inaccessible for systems of this type.
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