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Publication Detail / Abstract

J. Li, D. Golez, G. Mazza, A. J. Millis, A. Georges, M. Eckstein

Electromagnetic coupling in tight-binding models for strongly correlated light and matter

published on Physical Review B on May 21, 2020
> Full text via publisher
We discuss the construction of low-energy tight-binding Hamiltonians for condensed-matter systems with a strong coupling to the quantum electromagnetic field. Such Hamiltonians can be obtained by projecting the continuum theory on a given set of Wannier orbitals. However, different representations of the continuum theory lead to different low-energy formulations because different representations may entangle light and matter, transforming orbitals into light-matter hybrid states before the projection. In particular, a multicenter Power-Zienau-Woolley transformation yields a dipolar Hamiltonian which incorporates the light-matter coupling via both Peierls phases and a polarization density. We compare this dipolar gauge Hamiltonian and the straightforward Coulomb gauge Hamiltonian for a one-dimensional solid to describe subcycle light-driven electronic motion in the semiclassical limit and a coupling of the solid to a quantized cavity mode which renormalizes the band-structure into electron-polariton bands. Both descriptions yield the same result when many bands are taken into account but the dipolar Hamiltonian is more accurate when the model is restricted to few electronic bands, while the Coulomb Hamiltonian requires fewer electromagnetic modes.
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