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Publication Detail / Abstract

C. Crosnier de Bellaistre, C. Trefzger, A. Aspect, A. Georges, and L. Sanchez-Palencia

Expansion of a quantum wave packet in a one-dimensional disordered potential in the presence of a uniform bias force

published on Physical Review A on January 16, 2018
> Full text via publisher
We study numerically the expansion dynamics of an initially confined quantum wave packet in the presence of a disordered potential and a uniform bias force. For white-noise disorder, we find that the wave packet develops asymmetric algebraic tails for any ratio of the force to the disorder strength. The exponent of the algebraic tails decays smoothly with that ratio and no evidence of a critical behavior on the wave density profile is found. Algebraic localization features a series of critical values of the force-to-disorder strength where the mth position moment of the wave packet diverges. Below the critical value for the mth moment, we find fair agreement between the asymptotic long-time value of the mth moment and the predictions of diagrammatic calculations. Above it, we find that the mth moment grows algebraically in time. For correlated disorder, we find evidence of systematic delocalization, irrespective to the model of disorder. More precisely, we find a two-step dynamics, where both the center-of-mass position and the width of the wave packet show transient localization, similar to the white-noise case, at short time and delocalization at sufficiently long time. This correlation-induced delocalization is interpreted as due to the decrease of the effective de Broglie wavelength, which lowers the effective strength of the disorder in the presence of finite-range correlations.
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