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Publication Detail / Abstract

D. Nicoletti, D. Fu, O. Mehio, S. Moore, A. S. Disa, G. D. Gu, A. Cavalleri

Magnetic-Field Tuning of Light-Induced Superconductivity in Striped La2-xBaxCuO4

published on Physical Review Letters on December 27, 2018
> Full text via publisher
Optical excitation of stripe-ordered La2-xBaxCuO4 has been shown to transiently enhance superconducting tunneling between the CuO2 planes. This effect was revealed by a blueshift, or by the appearance of a Josephson plasma resonance in the terahertz-frequency optical properties. Here, we show that this photoinduced state can be strengthened by the application of high external magnetic fields oriented along the c axis. For a 7 T field, we observe up to a tenfold enhancement in the transient interlayer phase correlation length, accompanied by a twofold increase in the relaxation time of the photoinduced state. These observations are highly surprising, since static magnetic fields suppress interlayer Josephson tunneling and stabilize stripe order at equilibrium. We interpret our data as an indication that optically enhanced interlayer coupling in La2-xBaxCuO4 does not originate from a simple optical melting of stripes, as previously hypothesized. Rather, we speculate that the photoinduced state may emerge from activated tunneling between optically excited stripes in adjacent planes.
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