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Publication Detail / Abstract

Z. Zhang, J. Tindall, J. Mur-Petit, D. Jaksch, B. Buča

Stationary state degeneracy of open quantum systems with non-abelian symmetries

published on Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical on May 4, 2020
> Full text via publisher
We study the null space degeneracy of open quantum systems with multiple non-abelian, strong symmetries. By decomposing the Hilbert space representation of these symmetries into an irreducible representation involving the direct sum of multiple, commuting, invariant subspaces we derive a tight lower bound for the stationary state degeneracy. We apply these results within the context of open quantum many-body systems, presenting three illustrative examples: a fully-connected quantum network, the XXX Heisenberg model and the Hubbard model. We find that the derived bound, which scales at least cubically in the system size the SU(2) symmetric cases, is often saturated. Moreover, our work provides a theory for the systematic block-decomposition of a Liouvillian with non-abelian symmetries, reducing the computational difficulty involved in diagonalising these objects and exposing a natural, physical structure to the steady states—which we observe in our examples.
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